## Instructions for Authors

### 1. Introduction for the Authors

Paper manuscripts and documentary literature in periodical publications issued by the Japan Welding Society (hereinafter referred to as the JWS) shall be written in accordance with Section 2, “Manuscript Guide,” and Section 6, “Author’s Guide for English Manuscripts.” The periodical publications indicated are the Journal of the JWS, the Quarterly Journal of the JWS, and Welding Letters (WL). Manuscripts in publications related to the JWS other than these three (Preprints of the National Meeting of JWS, etc.) shall also follow these guidelines.

### 2. Manuscript Guide

#### 2.1 Qualification for Submission

The corresponding author should be a member of the JWS. However, in exceptional cases, non-member authors who are permitted by the JWS may submit papers.

(1)

Attribution of copyright: The copyright of articles, papers, etc., published in periodicals edited by the JWS (hereinafter referred to as "JWS publications") belongs to the JWS. This provision also applies to JWS publications that have already been published.

(2)

Copyright permission: Permission from the JWS is required for use of materials with copyright owned by the JWS. However, the author's right to use content of the copyrighted work in the form of copying, translation, adaptation, etc., for his/her own use belongs to the author. In using such content, the author must clearly state that the work was published in the JWS publication.

In addition, if an author wishes to duplicate all or large portions of materials in his/her literary work for use by persons other than the authors in publication related to their work, the author is requested to obtain written permission from the JWS for in advance.

(3)

Authors’ responsibility: The authors are responsible for the individual work submitted to the JWS publications. If a published article causes damage to the JWS, such as copyright infringement, defamation, or dispute, the authors will be liable to compensate the JWS for the damages.

(4)

License for use by third parties: Requests from a third party for use of copyrighted materials, may be granted upon acceptance by the JWS.

(5)

Digitization/Internet publication: Compliance with items (1) to (4), above, also applies in the case of digitization/Internet publication of articles or papers that are published in the JWS publications.

#### 2.3 Types of articles

The Journal of the JWS and Quarterly Journal of the JWS (regular publishing, Express publishing, Welding Letters of the JWS (Hereinafter, “Welding Letters”; abbreviation: WL)) are among the JWS publications. Manuscripts must be submitted in accordance with the manuscript guideline of the respective journal. Detailed rules of publishing content are described in Section 3 and later. In case of Express publishing in the Quarterly Journal of the JWS, the results of review will be sent to the authors within 14 days from the date of “original receipt notice.” Express publishing charges are either by “free Express publishing ticket,” given to excellent presentations selected at the national meetings of the JWS, or by express publication fee (about 1.5 times the regular publishing fee).

#### 2.4 Units

Units shall be presented in SI notation (JIS Z 8203). However, when it is necessary to use other units, SI units should also be included.

#### 2.5 Keywords

(1)

Provision of 5 to 10 keywords is required for the manuscript.

(2)

The Quarterly Journal of the JWS and Welding Letters use English keywords. The Journal of the JWS uses Japanese keywords.

(3)

Amendment, deletion, addition, etc., may be instructed by the peer reviewers.

#### 2.6 Length of Manuscripts

(1)

There is no length restriction for manuscripts for the Journal of the JWS,Quarterly Journal of the JWS (Regular publishing) or for Express publishing, but revision might be requested, such as modification/deletion/addition.

(2)

Manuscripts submitted to Welding Letters should be 2-4 pages in length.

(3)

The publication fee is calculated according to the number of pages in the published article. However, the invited articles are published at no cost to the author.

#### 2.7 Submissions and copies

The materials to be submitted for publication by the JWS, including the format and number of copies, are shown in Table 2.1.

(1)Journal of the JWS

Printed materials: The manuscript, including captions, figures, tables, and images should be prepared according to the styles described in Section 3, “Manuscript Guide for the Journal of the JWS.”

Electronic materials: Materials should be submitted in electronic format in addition to the printed materials. The formats of the electronic materials are not restricted. However, distinction between Windows/Macintosh, etc., and the name of the software should be specified (see Table 2.1 for the submission media).

A cover page in a Japanese format predetermined by the JWS (http://jweld.jp/journal/download.doc) should be attached when submitting both the printed and electronic materials. This is not a part of the manuscript and not subject to review for publication, but accompanies the manuscript for administrative purposes. The cover page content consists of research field, manuscript title, authors and their affiliations, keywords, estimated numbers of printed pages, and contact information of the corresponding author. This shall be also followed by the cover page of the Quarterly Journal of the JWS and the WL. Short title, numbers of figures and tables, and etc. are requested as additional information.

(2)Quarterly Journal of the JWS(Regular Publishing· Express Publishing)
(a)Materials for submission

Since an electronic peer-review system is used, electronic manuscript materials (abstract, main text, captions, figures, tables, and images) must be compiled into a single file having a filename as specified in Section (4), below. The format of the electronic material should follow the guideline of the Quarterly Journal of the JWS, also in Section 4. The file should be in pdf format, and the file size should not exceed 1.4 MB. Files are to be submitted via the manuscript submission system (via member's MyPage): http://member.jweld.jp/mypage/)

A cover page for the uploaded manuscript is automatically created at the time of Web submission.

(b)Materials submitted after the article is accepted

Printed materials: Submit one printed manuscript (including the cover page, captions, figures, tables, images, and bibliographic information) following the guidelines for Quarterly Journal of the JWS in Section 4 and below.

Electronic materials: Submit electronic materials (for typographical printing) in addition to printed manuscripts. The acceptable formats for electronic materials are provided in Section 4 and Table 2.1. Refer to Table 2.1 for suitable media. Please specify the OS (Windows/Macintosh etc.) and the name of the software used.

(3)Welding Letters (WL)
(a)Materials for submission

Since an electronic peer review system is used, electronic manuscript materials (prepared using the Welding Letters template) must be compiled into a single file having a filename as specified in Section (4), below. The format of the electronic materials should follow the guideline of Section 4 and Table 2.1. The file should be in pdf format, and the file size should not exceed 1.4 MB. Files are to be submitted via the manuscript submission system. A cover page for the uploaded manuscript is automatically created at the time of web submission.

WL paper submission system: http://jweld.jp/paperjudge/wlsubmit/wlsubmit.php

(b)Materials submitted after the article is accepted

Printed materials: Submit a copy of the manuscript (including the cover page, manuscript prepared using the Welding Letters template, bibliographic information in accordance with J-STAGE) that is compiled in accordance with the Welding Letters manuscript writing procedure described in Section 5.4, “Style Guidelines,” and the English manuscript writing style guidelines described in Section 7, and using the provided template (downloadable from the JWS HP).

Electronic materials: Submit electronic materials (for typographical printing) in addition to printed manuscripts. The formats for electronic information are specified in Section 4 and below. Refer to the table below for suitable media. Please specify the OS (Windows/Macintosh, etc.) and the name of the software used.

Table 2.1 Preparation of materials for submission to Journal of the JWS, Quarterly Journal of the JWS, and Welding Letters.
SubmissionJournal of the JWSQuarterly Journal of The JWS / WL
Printed manuscriptContentsCover page, body text legends of figures & photographs, and captions of tables; figures, tables, photographs, imagesEnglish outline, body text, legends of figures & photographs, and captions of tables; figures, tables, photographs, and J-STAGE-compliant bibliographic information
Copies to be submittedOne copyOne copy (after the acceptance)
Electronic materialsContentsCover page, body text, legends of figures & photographs, and captions of tables; figures, tables, photographs, imagesCover page, body text, legends of figures & photographs, and captions of tables; figures, tables, photographs, and J-STAGE-compliant bibliographic information
Format

1）Body text: Any

2）Figures and photographs: Any
EPS, TIFF, JPEG, GIF, PNG, PICT, BitMap are recommended）

See below for file-naming specifications*

For peer reviewManuscript (Cover page, body text, legends of figures & photographs, and captions of tables; figures, tables, photographs, and J-STAGE-compliant bibliographic information) must be combined into a single file in PDF format.
※Only alphanumeric characters are permitted in the file name at the time of web submission.
For typographical printing

1）Body text: Any

2）Figures and photographs: Any
(EPS, TIFF, JPEG, GIF, PNG, PICT, BitMap)

(4)*Naming specifications for the original manuscript file (for typographical printing)

The file is to be named according to Table 2.2. For the medium to be submitted, please attach a label describing the title, contributor’s names, affiliations, and software used (including version).

Table 2.2File naming rules.
Quarterly Journal of JWS (for typography printing) / Journal of the JWS.
Text/text
Body text: "text.*"
English outline: "abstract.*"
Legends of figures & photographs, and captions of tables: "caption.*"
Figures and tables (original images)
[For each drawing number and table number]
Figures: "fig-1.*＊", "fig-2.＊", .....
Table："table-1.＊", "table-2.＊", ....
Brunch number："fig-2a.＊", "table-2b.＊", ....
J-STAGE compliant bibliographic information
jstage.txt"（text file）
［Not required in the Journal of the Japan Welding Society］

* Indicates the file format or the extension of the software used.

For the original image file, it is not necessary to save the file in the unique format of the used software (binary file).

#### 2.8 Submission date

The manuscript submission date shall be the date on which the manuscript has arrived at the JWS.

#### 2.9 Paper review

Articles submitted to the Quarterly Journal of the JWS and Welding Letters are reviewed by the peer review/review committee of JWS, and those submitted to the Journal of the JWS are reviewed by editorial board appointed by the editorial committee. Depending on the review results, correction/ deletion may be required.

In the case of Express submission, the total time required for peer review (including multiple peer revies) is within 14 days from the date of "manuscript receipt notice" until the decision of the acceptance, not including weekends, national holidays and the Japanese “Obon” and New Year holidays and the period of the author correction.

#### 2.10 Acceptance or rejection

Whether the manuscript is accepted or rejected is based on the report of the review committee. Articles submitted to the Quarterly Journal of the JWS and Welding Letters will be examined by the peer review/review committee of the JWS , and those submitted to the Journal of the JWS will be examined by the editorial board.

#### 2.11 Responsibility of manuscript

All responsibilities for the content of the articles to be posted in the Society publication shall be borne by the author.

#### 2.12 Reprints

If you wish to purchase a separate reprint, please apply the number of copies desired at the time of submission, . The actual cost will be borne by the author (50 copies minimum, 50 copies/unit).

#### 2.13 Submission of manuscripts

Manuscripts shall be submitted to:

Japan Welding Society
Paper review/review committee (Quarterly Journal of the JWS)
Editing Committee (Journal of the JWS)

6th floor, 4-20 Kanda Sakuma-cho
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0025

Phone: 03-5825-4073 (+81-3-5825-4043)
FAX: 03-5825-4331 (+81-3-5825-4331)
E-mail: jws-ym@kt.rim.or.jp

### 3. Manuscript Guide for the Journal of the JWS

#### 3.1 Introduction for the authors

(1)

The journal is issued eight times a year.

(2)

The articles of the journal are intended to provide members of the Society with information that is useful for welding/joining engineering, technology, and industry. The journal also aims at enhancing understanding among members and increasing mutual awareness.

#### 3.2 Types of Manuscripts

(1)

Technical Data: In fields related to the welding/joining engineering/industry, materials that contain widely practical and useful contents, even if they are not original research.

(2)

Lecture, Commentary, Courses: Materials that have been described and summarized objectively regarding already established engineering methods, techniques, fundamental principles, or phenomena.

(3)

Perspective: Materials describing on the basis of extensive research, recent advances and trends in welding and joining engineering industries and related fields.

(4)

Communications among members or mutual exchange: Descriptions of information transmission such as lectures, bulletins, committee activity reports, and related academic society activity reports.

(5)

Introduction of new technologies and new products (column for support companies): Mainly introduction of new technologies/new products by support companies. Contents of the column should attract the interest of the JWS members. The manuscript guidelines and the writing procedures are specified in Section 8.

(6)

Others: Other articles that the Editorial Committee considers appropriate.

#### 3.3 Composition of the manuscript

(1)

The general manuscript composition shall be as follows:

(a)

Cover page: A predetermined Japanese format of the JWS (http://jweld.jp/journal/download.doc) can be downloaded, or an English title page with the same style as the Japanese format can be created. This should be attached when submitting the manuscript.

(b)

Body Text: The size of electronic and printed manuscripts shall exclusively be A4.

(c)

Legends of figures (including photographs), and captions of tables: Legends of figures and captions of tables shall be written in Japanease, and described in a list at the end of the manuscript.

(d)

Tables: Tables should be clearly legible.

(e)

Figures: Figures should be clearly legible, with sufficient resolution. The scale should be represented.

(f)

Photographs: Photographs are to be clearly understandable, with sufficient resolution. The scale should be represented.

(2)

The language to be used in figures, images, and tables should be either Japanese or English. However, only one of these languages should by uniformly used throughout the manuscript. Either British or American style is acceptable, but the styles should not be mixed.

(1)

The corresponding author may perform proofreading only once with his/her responsibility.

(2)

The proofreading is limited to correction of typographical errors. No additions nor deletion are allowed.

Reprint fees for the Journal of the JWS
(The reprint fees for the WEB issues are described separately; reprint fees are presented with and without the consumption tax.) Reprints are always provided with a paper cover.
﻿
Table 3.1Reprint fees of the Journal of the JWS.
Copies
Up to 4 pages
of text
Up to 6 pages
of text
Up to 8 pages
of text
Up to 10
pages of text
Up to 12
pages of text
Over 12
pages: Fee
per 2 pages
50
¥10,044
(Without tax, ¥9,300)
¥14,040
(Without tax, ¥13,000)
¥16,200
(Without tax, ¥15,000)
¥21,600
(Without tax, ¥20,000)
¥24,624
(Without tax, ¥22,800)
¥3,024
per 2 pages
(Without tax, ¥2,800)
100
¥14,040
(Without tax, ¥13,000)
¥16,200
(Without tax, ¥15,000)
¥21,600
(Without tax, ¥20,000)
¥24,840
(Without tax, ¥23,000)
¥27,864
(Without tax, ¥25,800)
¥3,024
per 2 pages
(Without tax, ¥2,800)
150
¥16,200
(Without tax, ¥15,000)
¥21,600
(Without tax, ¥20,000)
¥24,840
(Without tax, ¥23,000)
¥27,000
(Without tax, ¥25,000)
¥30,240
(Without tax, ¥28,000)
¥3,240
per 2 pages
(Without tax, ¥3,000)
200
¥21,600
(Without tax, ¥20,000)
¥24,840
(Without tax, ¥23,000)
¥27,000
(Without tax, ¥25,000)
¥30,240
(Without tax, ¥28,000)
¥33,480
(Without tax, ¥31,000)
¥3,240
per 2 pages
(Without tax, ¥3,000)
250
¥24,840
(Without tax, ¥23,000)
¥27,000
(Without tax, ¥25,000)
¥30,240
(Without tax, ¥28,000)
¥33,480
(Without tax, ¥31,000)
¥36,720
(Without tax, ¥34,000)
¥3,672
per 2 pages
(Without tax, ¥3,400)
After 50 pages units
¥2,916
per 50 parts
¥3,240
per 50 parts
¥3,240
per 50 parts
¥3,240
per 50 parts
¥3,240
per 50 parts
¥3,672
per 2 pages
(Without tax, ¥3,400)

(Shipping fee included)

### 4. Manuscript Guide for the Quarterly Journal of the JWS

#### 4.1Introduction for the authors

(1)

The Quarterly Journal of the JWSis published on the WWW (uploaded non-regularly, 4 issues per year).

(2)

Manuscripts on basic/fundamental research as well as developmental/applied research are published in this journal.

(a)

“Basic/fundamental manuscripts” should pertain to basic/fundamental research. The content should be relevant to the research fields of the JWS, and should be of sufficient originality and completeness.

(b)

“Developmental/applied manuscripts” should pertain to research on developmental and/or novel, emerging technologies. The contents should be relevant to the conventional as well as new research fields of the JWS, and should be of sufficient novelty.

(4)

It is desirable that the papers submitted to the Quarterly Journal of the JWShave been presented in advance at academic meetings sponsored by the JWS (National meetings, Research Committee meetings, National meeting symposia･forum keynote lectures, aymposia hosted by the Research Committee, local group lectures, international symposia that do not publish proceedings).

(5)

We do not accept series of manuscripts having the same title. However, titles can have the same general subject and different sub-titles.

#### 4.2 Languages used

The language used in manuscripts for the Journal shall be either Japanese or English. However, only one of these languages should by uniformly used throughout the manuscript. Either British or American style is acceptable, but the styles should not be mixed.

#### 4.3 Original papers

(1)

Submitted manuscripts are limited to those that have not been published in journals other than those of the JWS, regardless of whether in Japanese or English.

(2)

It is acceptable for a work submitted to the Journal to be submitted to other journals afterwards, but not before. The submission date is judged by the date of receipt. If the date of receipt is the same or later than that of another journal, it shall be judged as “submitted to another journal” and the manuscript shall be returned to the authors and not accepted for publication.

(3)

The authors are fully responsible for the confirmation of a work having been “not submitted to other journals.” If it is confirmed by the JWS that the “confirmation of not submitted” is violated, the manuscript will be returned to the authors and not accepted for publication. If violation is confirmed after the publication of a paper, the paper will be invalidated.

[Exceptions]
(a)

If the abstract or an excerpt of the manuscript submitted to this journal has already been submitted to another journal as an abstract or a prompt report, it shall be accepted as “not submitted to other journals.”

(b)

Works that were previously published in a report or bulletin of the JWS Research Committee and submitted by the same authors shall be accepted as “not submitted to other journals.”

(c)

A work that has been submitted as a PhD thesis and publicly presented shall be accepted as “not submitted to other journals.”

(d)

Manuscripts submitted to technical committees of the International Institute of Welding (IIW) shall be accepted as "not submitted to other journals.”

#### 4.4 Composition of the manuscript

(1)

The general composition of the manuscript shall be as follows:

(a)

Cover page: A cover page for the uploaded manuscript is automatically created at the time of Web submission.

(b)

Abstract in English: Regardless of whether the manuscript is in Japanese or English, include an English abstract, up to 300 words in length.

(c)

Body text: The size of electronic and printed manuscripts shall exclusively be A4. Provide sufficient top/bottom and left/right margins, and line spacing for easy readability. It is acceptable to submit a manuscript that has been submitted to a symposium or committee meeting of the JWS in the submission format for that purpose.

(d)

Legends of figures (including photographs), and captions of tables: English captions should be provided at the end of the manuscript, regardless of whether the manuscript is written in Japanese or English.

(e)

Tables: Tables should be clearly legible.

(f)

Figures: Figures should be clearly legible, with sufficient resolution. The scale should be represented.

(g)

Photographs: Photographs should be clearly understandable, with sufficient resolution. The scale should be represented.

(h)

Files (Type: EPS, TIFF, JPEG, GIF, PNG, PICT, or BitMap) of figures, tables, and photographs (original) should be attached, if electronic materials are available. It is not preferable to use shaded images, tone shading, or color. It is preferable that the image has sufficient resolution (the recommended resolution is 600 dpi or higher in the printed size).

(I)

Bibliographic information should be formatted according to J-STAGE specifications: Attach necessary information in a text file (see Section 8).

(2)

Characters used in figures, photographs, and tables should be English characters, regardless of the language of the manuscript.

We will accept manuscripts at any time.

(1)

The corresponding author may perform proofreading only once with his/her responsibility.

(2)

The proofreading is limited to correction of typographical errors. No addition nor deletion is accepted.

#### 4.7 Quarterly Journal of the JWS(published on the WWW) publication fees

After acceptance of the manuscript, the authors should promptly pay the publication fee to the JWS as specified below. Authors using Express submission also should pay the Express submission fee as shown below, after the review process has been completed and acceptance for publication has been announced.

Table 4.1 Publication fees of the Quarterly Journal of the JWS.
Number of printed pagesUp to 5 pages67More than 8 pages
Page charge
(Japanese/English)
Normal submission¥54,000
(Without tax, ¥50,000)
¥64,800
(Without tax, ¥60,000)
¥81,000
(Without tax, ¥75,000)
Increase by ¥16,200 par page
(Without tax, ¥15,000)
Express submission¥81,000
(Without tax, ¥75,000)
¥97,200
(Without tax, ¥90,000)
¥121,500
(Without tax, ¥112,500)
Increase by ¥24,300 per page
(Without tax, ¥22,500)

Include 8% consumption tax. Reprint fees are not included (reprint fees are tabulated below).

#### 4.8 Quarterly Journal of the JWS(published on the WWW) reprint fees

Reprint fees for publication (Japanese/English) are as follows (Reprints are always provided with a paper cover.):

Table 4.2 Reprint fees of the Quarterly Journal of the JWS
CopiesUp to 6 pages
of text
Up to 8 pages
of text
Up to 10 pages
of text
Up to 12 pages
of text
Up to 12 pages:
Fee per 2 pages
50¥8,100
(Without tax, ¥7,500)
¥9,180
(Without tax, ¥8,500)
¥9,180
(Without tax, ¥8,500)
¥9,180
(Without tax, ¥8,500)
Increase by ¥2,160
(Without tax, ¥2,000)
100¥12,420
(Without tax, ¥11,500)
¥14,580
(Without tax, ¥13,500)
¥16,740
(Without tax, ¥15,500)
¥18,900
(Without tax, ¥17,500)
Increase by ¥3,240
(Without tax, ¥3,000)
150¥17,280
(Without tax, ¥16,000)
¥20,520
(Without tax, ¥19,000)
¥23,760
(Without tax, ¥22,000)
¥27,000
(Without tax, ¥25,000)
Increase by ¥4,320
(Without tax, ¥4,000)
200¥22,140
(Without tax, ¥20,500)
¥26,460
(Without tax, ¥24,500)
¥30,780
(Without tax, ¥28,500)
¥35,100
(Without tax, ¥32,500)
Increase by ¥5,349
(Without tax, ¥4,953)
250¥26,460
(Without tax, ¥24,500)
¥31,860
(Without tax, ¥29,500)
¥37,260
(Without tax, ¥34,500)
¥42,660
(Without tax, ¥39,500)
Increase by ¥7,560
(Without tax, ¥7,000)
After
50 pages units
Increase by ¥4,320
(Without tax, ¥4,000)
Increase by ¥5,400
(Without tax, ¥5,000)
Increase by ¥6,480
(Without tax, ¥6,000)
Increase by ¥7,560
(Without tax, ¥7,000)
Increase by ¥8,228
(Without tax, ¥7,619)

(Shipping fee included)
Color charge: ¥108
(including 8% consumption tax. The price without tax is ¥100) per page printed in color.

### 5. Welding Letters of the JWS (WL)

#### 5.1 Introduction for the authors

(1)

WL is published on the WWW (uploaded non-regularly, one issue per year).

(2)

An article to be submitted to WL should be a thesis that makes worthwhile contribution to a basic/fundamental field or to a developmental/applied field. It is also desirable that the work is of sufficient novelty for urgent publication.

(a)

The “basic/fundamental manuscripts” should pertain to basic/fundamental research. The content should be relevant to the research fields of the JWS, and should be of sufficient originality and completeness.

(b)

The “developmental/applied manuscripts” should pertain to research on developmental and/or novel, emerging technologies. The contents should be relevant to the conventional as well as new research fields of the JWS, and should be of sufficient novelty.

(3)

It is desirable that the papers submitted to WL have been presented in advance at academic meetings sponsored by the JWS (National meetings, Research Committee meetings, National meeting symposia･forum keynote lectures, aymposia hosted by the Research Committee, local group lectures, international symposia that do not publish proceedings).

(4)

We do not accept series of manuscripts having the same title. However, titles can have the same general subject and different sub-titles.

#### 5.2 Languages used

The language used for WL should be English. Either British or American style is acceptable, but the styles should not be mixed.

#### 5.3 Original papers

(1)

Submitted manuscripts are limited to those that have not been published in journals other than those of the JWS.

(2)

It is acceptable for a work submitted to the Journal to be submitted to other journals afterwards, but not before. The submission date is judged by the date of receipt. If the date of receipt is the same or later than that of another journal, it shall be judged as “submitted to another journal” and the manuscript shall be returned to the authors and not accepted for publication.

(3)

The authors are fully responsible for the confirmation of a work having been “not submitted to other journals.” If it is confirmed by the JWS that the “confirmation of not submitted” is violated, the manuscript will be returned to the authors and not accepted for publication. If violation is confirmed after the publication of a paper, the paper will be invalidated.

[Exceptions]
(a)

If the abstract or an excerpt of the manuscript submitted to this journal has already been submitted to another journal as an abstract or a prompt report, it shall be accepted as “not submitted to other journals.”

(b)

Works that were previously published in a report or bulletin of the JWS Research Committee and submitted by the same authors shall be accepted as “not submitted to other journals.”

(c)

Manuscripts submitted to technical committees of the International Institute of Welding (IIW) shall be accepted as “not submitted to other journals.”

(d)

After publication in WL, extension to the work can be submitted to the Quarterly Journal of JWS. In doing so, please clearly state that a part of the work was already published in WL.

#### 5.4 Style Guidelines for WL submissions

(1)

Manuscripts shall be prepared as described below. Since WL will offset-print the submitted manuscript as it is submitted, be sure to follow these procedures closely when preparing the manuscript.

(a)

Manuscript: Manuscripts can be prepared only with the use of a predetermined MS-Word template (downloadable from the JWS website).

(b)

J-STAGE-compliant bibliographic information: Attach necessary information in a text file (see Section 8).

(2)

Abstract: An abstract not exceeding 200 words must accompany the manuscript.

(3)

Manuscript length: 2 to 4 pages.

(4)

English manuscripts should undergo a native check before submission. pre-checking by a native is the responsibility of individual authors, and additional checking by a professional translator is preferable.

The corresponding author may perform proofreading only once with his/her responsibility. The proofreading is limited to correction of typographical errors. No addition nor deletion is accepted.

#### 5.6 Welding Letters (published on the WWW) publication fees

After the acceptance of the paper, the authors should promptly pay the publication fee to the JWS.

Table 5.1 Publication fees of the Welding Letters.
Number of printed pagesUp to 2 pages34
Page charge¥37,800
(Without tax, ¥35,000)
¥43,200
(Without tax, ¥40,000)
¥48,600
(Without tax, ¥45,000)

Include 8% consumption tax. Reprint fees are not included (reprint fees are tabulated in Section 4.8, “Quarterly Journal of the JWS (published on the WWW) reprint fees”).

### 6. Author’s Guide for English Manuscript Submissions for the Journal of the JWS

This guideline is applicable to the preparation of English manuscripts of technical papers and other articles to be submitted to the Journal of the JWS. The manuscript should be prepared using word processing software, and saved in the native format of the word processor used.

#### 6.1 Manuscript format

(1)Paper size

The size of electronic and printed manuscripts shall exclusively be A4. All text should be written only on one side.

(2)Title, Authors, Institutional affiliations, Abstract, Keywords

le, name(s) of author(s), institutional affiliation(s), abstract, short title, and keywords should appear on the first page.

(a)

title should clearly indicate the content of the paper, and should appear on the third line of the Cover page. The first letter of each noun, adjective, adverb, verb, and pronoun of the title should be capitalized, and all other word forms should be in lower case.

(b)

The names and institutional affiliation(s) of the author(s) should be written as follows: e.g., “by TANAKA Ichiro” and “Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University (Present Address: 137 Main Street, Osaka, Japan” The corresponding institutional affiliation(s) and address(es) should be linked by superscripts placed to the right of the author's names, and to the left of the institutional affiliation(s) and address(es) should be written at the bottom line of the first page.

(c)

The abstract should not exceed 300 words in length. Purpose, experimental procedure, and important results should be summarized simply and clearly. Don’t refer tables, figures, and or equations in the abstract. The abstract should be a summary of the text, written in the third-person, and should not include first-person pronouns or subjective evaluation, such as “It is very interesting that … .”

(d)

An additional 5-10 keywords should follow the abstract on the first page.

(e)

eading that is a shortened version of the title not exceeding 50 words should be written at the top of the Cover page (automatically created at the time of Web submission).

(3)Body Text

(a)Format

The text should be typed in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as 60 characters per line (spaces not counted) and 24 lines per page. The text should be left-justified and the main text starting on the second page.

(b)

It is desirable that the text be organized with these section headings and in the following order: "Introduction,” "Experimental Methodology,” "Experimental Results,” "Discussion,” "Conclusion,” "Acknowledgment," and "References.” Other Sections (e.g., "Theory,” "Appendix,” etc.) can be included as needed.

(c)

Sections, subsections, and sub-subsections should be numbered, respectively, as follows: “1, 2, 3, …,” “1.1, 1.2, 1.3, …,” and “1.1.1, 1.1.2, ….”

(d)

The Introduction section should include "aims of this study,” "relationship of this study with conventional studies,” and "overview of this study.” Contents of conclusion should not be emphasized.

(e)

Sections from "Experimental Methodology" to "Discussion" should be logically clear, and can be written to understand clearly points that should be emphasized.

(f)

Conclusion should be outline of the paper and described as clearly and briefly as possible.

(g)

"Figures," "Photographs," "Tables," "Footnotes," and "References" should be prepared as described in Sections 6.3, 6.4, and 6.5.

#### 6.2 Scripts and terms

(1)Designation of letters, symbols, and a style of type

To facilitate type-setting, authors should mark ambiguous letters and symbols such as the following examples in red font: ($a$, $α$, $d$), ($b$, $σ$, $6$ (six)), ($C$, $c$), ($e$, $l$ (ell)), ($1$, $l$ (ell)), ($K$, $k$, $κ$ (kappa)), ($0$ (zero), $O$, $o$), ($P$, $p$, $ρ$ (law)), ($q$, $9$ (nine), $u$, $v$), ($μ$ (mu), $v$), ($W$, $w$, $ω$ (omega)), ($X$, $x$, $χ$ (chi), $×$ (multiplication sign)), ($Z$, $z$, $2$ (two))

Superscript and subscript figures and letters should also be described in red font (e.g., K0 = 0.85 × 10-5t).

(2)Type face specification

New Times Roman (or Times New Roman) font, 12-pt size, is preferred for the Cover page and Body text. The type faces to be used in the main text are as follows:

Bold (Gothic) Model，Italic (Italic) Model, Bold italic Model

Physical quantities in equations should be expressed using italic symbols unless stated otherwise.

(3)Equations

One equation should be within one line in the text, e.g., a / b, ab-1, x / (x + t / 2). If two lines are needed, the extra part of the equation should be written on a new line.

(4)Quantity symbols and unit symbols

SI units should be used as a general rule (JIS Z 8203). However, when necessary, other units may be used in addition to the SI units.

#### 6.3 Figures, photographs, and tables

(1)

The number of figures, photographs, and tables used should be minimized, and the same data should not be presented in both a figure and a table.

(2)

Each figure (including photographs) or table should be presented on a separate sheet, and given a sequential number such as “Fig. 1, Fig. 2, …,” “Table 1, Table 2, …” etc. Photographs should be considered as figures (as “Fig. 1, Fig. 2, …,” not as “Photo. 1, Photo. 2, …”).

(3)

All figure legends and table captions are to be described in list form after “References” on a new page.

(4)

Tables: Tables should be clearly legible.

(5)

The figures should be clearly legible.

(6)

The photographs should be clearly understandable, with sufficient resolution.

(7)

Letter size and line thickness of figures, photographs, and tables should be sufficient to be seen after reduction. They should be of the same size or twice or three times as large as those of the original figures, photographs, and tables. The standard printed area is 170 mm in horizontal width (page size) and 80 mm in column width. The letter size of figures, photographs, and tables in the final printed version should normally be 2.5 mm. We strongly suggest that the author(s) check the letter sizes in reduced figures, etc. The recommended resolution in the final printed size is 600 dpi or more.

(8)

The positions of inserted figures, photographs, and tables should be indicated in the right margin of the text. The reduction scales of the figures or photographs should also be specified in the margin.

(9)

The reduction scales should be indicated, for example, as x 45/100 (the denominator is necessarily 100). Indications such as “x 2/3” or “5 cm” are not acceptable.

(10)

In the case of enlarging an original figure, photograph, or table, the area should be within the maximum size of 210 mm x 300 mm (A4-size).

#### 6.4 Footnotes

If sentences or words in the text need to be explained in footnotes, superscripts such as *, ** or †, ‡ should be added to the upper right of the corresponding sentences or words. All explanations in the footnotes should be indicated in a list on a new page. Please refer to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Note_(typography) .

#### 6.5 References

References are to be numbered sequentially and with a right parenthesis, such as “1), 2), …,” and described in a list after "Acknowledgment" on a new page. Reference numbers appearing in the main text must appear as superscripts.

Examples:

Reference to a journal publication: 1) Author(s), Title, Journal name, volume-number (year), and page numbers.

Reference to a book: 2) Author(s), Book name, Publisher name, date of issue, page numbers.

In the case of Japanese references, the note “(in Japanese)” should be placed at the end of the reference.

#### 6.6 Estimation of the number of pages

(1)Text

For estimation purposes, one printed page corresponds to about 890 words. On a single A4-size page, 24 lines of text written with double-spacing include about 288 words.

(2)Illustrations (tables, figures, photographs, and equations)
(a)

The number of lines should be counted similarly in both the tables and text.

(b)Figures and Photographs

About 10 cm in the height of figures and photographs in a final printed page corresponds to 21 lines of text.

(c)Equations

The number of lines required for presenting equations are as follows:

• (c1)$id = 605 nD^{1 \over 2} cm^{2 \over 3} t^{1 \over 6}$⋯⋯⋯One line
• (c2)$E = Ea^{0} {RT \over PF} ln {a_0 \over a_0}$⋯⋯⋯Two lines
• (c3)$Q_n (x)=(-1)^{1 \over 2} {{Z_n\{ {r( {n \over 2}+1)}\}×g_n (x)} \over {r(n+1)}}$⋯⋯⋯Three lines
• (c4)$cosα = {{dx \over du} \over {({dx \over du})^2+ ({dy \over du})^2 + ({dz \over du})^2}}$⋯⋯⋯Four lines

### 7. Author’s Guide for J-STAGE-Compliant Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic information prepared in accordance with J-STAGE should be attached to the manuscript, irrespective of whether in English or Japanese.

#### 7.1 Contents of Bibliographic Information

Title, name(s) of author(s), institutional affiliation(s), abstract, keywords, and references should appear, in this order, as plain text.

#### 7.2 Submission Format and Number of Copies

Bibliographic information should be submitted in a text file as electronic information (Refer to Section 2.7 (4) for the recommended medium and file naming). In addition to an electronic medium, it is desirable that a printed copy of the bibliographic information also be submitted.

### 8. Contribution rules for new technologies and products

Authors should be in accordance with the following rules when preparing articles regarding new technologies and products for submission to Journal of the JWS:

#### 8.1 Author Qualifications

Supporting members of JWS can contribute articles.

#### 8.2 Contents of Manuscripts

The article should describe technical principles and characteristics of recently developed technologies and products in technical field of joining and welding, and must include technical information enabling objective comprehension of the principles and characteristics.

#### 8.3 Contents of Manuscripts

The article should include (1) a title Title on cover page and (2) a body text.

#### 8.4 Manuscript Length

(1)

The printed article should be either one page or a half page in length.

(2)

The number of printed pages shall be decided by the editorial committee, not by the author(s).

#### 8.5 Number of Copies for Submission

One copy of the manuscript (including figures, tables, and photographs) should be submitted. Submission of an electronic file of the manuscript saved on an electronic storage medium is recommended. The operating system of the computer (e.g., Windows or Macintosh) and the name of word processing software that the authors used should be identified. The manuscript data file should be named according to the rules prescribed in Section 2.7 (4).

#### 8.6 Author’s Guide for Manuscripts Regarding New Technologies and Products

(1)

Manuscript pages should be of A4 size.

(2)

The final printed version will comprise 2400 characters per page, with 9-pt font for the text except the title. However, the allowed numbers of characters are decreased according to corrections made to the title, figures, tables, and photographs.

(3)

The language for manuscripts is generally Japanese. The manuscript should be written in a colloquial style.

(4)

Authors should check that the allowed number of printed pages is not exceeded in the final manuscript (see Section 6.6 for a description of printed page number estimation).

(6)

Magnification scales should be clarified for figures, photographs, and tables for the plate making. Color graphics in photographs and figures are prohibited.

(7)

The corresponding author’s name, institutional affiliation, address, and phone number should be mentioned at the beginning of the article.

Note: Authors should refer to Section 6, and observe the other requirements not documented in this section.

#### 8.7 Review

Submitted manuscripts are reviewed by the editorial committee, and the authors are requested to make revisions according to their comments and decisions.

#### 8.8 Acceptance

Acceptance of a manuscript is decided by the editorial committee according to the results of the review.

The corresponding author may perform proofreading only once with his/her responsibility. The proofreading is limited to correction of typographical errors. No addition nor deletion is accepted.

#### 8.10 Listing fees

After the official decision of article publication, the author should pay the prescribed listing fee immediately.

Table 8.1 Publication fees of the articles regarding new technologies and products for submission to Journal of the JWS. Listing fee (¥: Japanese Yen)
Number of printed pagesHalf pageOne page
Page charge (Japanese/English)¥21,600
(Without tax, ¥20,000)
¥37,800
(Without tax, ¥35,000)

The total price includes 8% consumption tax.

#### 8.11 Others

(1)

The author(s) bear(s) the responsibility for the contents of the published article.

(2)

All rights of the article are reserved by the JWS

(3)

Offprints are free of charge up to 100 copies. The author may order additional offprints at the time of manuscript submission, and should pay the actual costs.